Japanese art of designing gardens is extremely popular due to its ease of construction and maintenance. The best part of a Japanese garden design is that even a small amount of space can be beautifully modified into a natural wonderland using simplest of materials like sand, stones, dirt and shrubs.
These designs are used in various types of gardens and houses not only in Japan but also across a number of other countries. Lets see 10 top Japanese Gardening techniques that still remain popular in Japan and other parts of the world.
1. Kenrokuen garden
Kenrokuen Garden is one of the most beautiful gardens in japan that is located in the heard of Kanazawa city. This garden was built in 17th century and it is believed that it tool almost 170 years to build it completely. The garden is one of the best tourists attractions in the region and offers a calm and spectacular place to explore.
2. Kairakuen garden
This beautiful garden is spread over 31 acres of land and has a rich history of over 170 years behind it. This is the best place to see over a hundred species of the famous ume flowers that cover over half of the total garden area. The presence of beautiful forests and lakes within the garden makes it even more magnificent. The garden is open to public through out the year.
3. Korakuen garden
Korakuen is another amazing piece of natural wonder located north of the Okayama Castle that has a collection of plants with beautiful colored flowers, neat pathways, and spectacular lakes. Enyo-tei House, which interestingly, is one of the main sight seeing places iin the garden was pretty much destroyed during the World War II but now has been restored for public view.
4. Karesansui gardens
Karesansui gardens are also called as dry gardens because of the lack of water in these type of gardens. Small gravels or sand is raked to give to give the appearance of water. Different types of rocks are used within the garden that adds the beauty to it. Small shrubs are also used some times to enhance the value of the gardens.
5. Tsukiyama gardens
Tsukiyama Gardens are one of the oldest and most popular types of gardens in Japan, which are designed in such a way that even a small part of a garden appears spacious. Ponds, hills, stones, bridges and paths are used frequently in this type of the design.
6. Chaniwa gardens
Chaniwa Gardens are again one of the designs developed to support the concept of holding the religious tea ceremonies. Typically Chaniwa Gardens has a small tea house that is surrounded by lush green plantations and leading to the tea house is a stone pathway along with a stone basin near by that is used by the monks or guests to clean themselves before the tea ceremony.
7. Paradise gardens
The paradise Islands has a Chinese origin and was first implemented by the Japanese people when they had in mind, a concept of creating a pure land- a heaven in physical reality. Typically a Paradise Garden consists of a beautiful pond that has a small island at the center connected by a bridge. This concept symbolizes the stage of salvation connected by a path to achieve it.
8. Natural gardens
Japanese Natural Gardens as the name suggest are the simplest form garden that does not contain any form of artificial material. No artificial statues, bridges or nicely laid roads in-between. These Natural Gardens usually are designed in such a way that everything looks pristine and natural. Even the dirt pathways that are made look more or less untrodden. These are best place to enjoy the pure natural flavor that sometimes transports to a completely different world.
9. Tea gardens
The Tea Gardens were basically incorporated by the Zen monks to support their ritual of drinking tea. The tea ceremony involved a big bowl containing tea that was shared by all the monks, basically in an attempt to reduce the sleepiness during medication. The gardens are constructed with simple materials in a location that evokes the qualities of solitude and harmony with the nature and contain a ceremonial tea house in the center.
10. Flat sea gardens
Flat Gardens commonly called as Flat Sea Gardens is one of most unique types of gardening techniques followed by the Japanese. The word Sea symbolizes a sea of sand that is spread and raked to give special patterns that resembles the waves in the sea. Strangely, least amount of vegetation is used in this type of gardening. Rocks are generally placed in-between the expanse of sand to symbolize the sea surrounding the Japan islands.