Garden Types and Designs

How to make a raised vegetable garden

September 7, 2011

Raised garden

Home made raised garden is an excellent option for those who want to attain a better yield of crops with less maintenance. The garden can be customized as per the individual needs. It is easy to handle as less bending or leaning over is required. Thus it helps one to take a better care of the garden with minimal physical strain.

Home-made raised vegetable garden

Although raised garden frames are readily available in the market but it is always good to make your own raised garden. It is a task that requires a bit of detailing and creativity on your part. Rest is all a matter of choice only. But with a home-made raised garden one is capable of customizing it as per the individual needs.


The first step toward the construction is finalizing the location of the garden. It can be the back yard of your house or even the roof or balcony. The raised garden could be built as a terraced garden for a refreshingly new look.

Sunlight is the main source of energy for the plants. Although there are certain plants which bloom better in the shady environment, most of the vegetable growing plants require a good amount of sunlight. The location also varies according to the desired crop to be planted. But if the future crop is going to be the vegetables then it is always recommended to place your raised garden in such a manner that it receives a minimum of six hours sunlight a day. It is also important to place your garden from north to south direction, so as to get the maximum benefit of direct sunlight. Another thing to be kept in mind is place the tall plants in the north and the shorter one to the south. This will help to check the overshadowing of the small saplings and let them bloom at their best.

Material required

One has a wide range to choose from. Generally the material that is most widely used in the construction of raised garden frame is durable wood. But as stated earlier, one can customize as per the needs and creativity. It can range from stones, decorative slabs, landscaping ties and anything and everything else that storms your mind as a potential soil retainer. The main motive is to retain the soil and the material should be leak proof.


The thumb rule is to construct the blocks in such a way so that the garden is easily accessible from all the sides. In this way one is able to maintain the garden properly and conveniently. Ideally the length of the blocks should not exceed 10 ft and the depth should vary from 6-12 inches. The width of the garden frame appropriate for a single unit is 3 ft. All these dimensions are approximate, one can change them as per the requirement. But following these boundary guidelines enables one to get the maximum area of the garden within good reach and hence it is easily manageable.

Soil Texture

Soil in the raised garden is comparatively loose and provides a better environment for the plants to grow as the water drainage is efficient and there is adequate air in the soil. One can choose the type of soil and renew it with time. One thing that could be beneficial is to add manure and foliage compost frequently. This increases the fertility of the soil.


Raised garden helps to customize the garden as per one’s requirement. The soil texture and environmental conditions can be easily and effectively maintained. It is the best way to improve the crop production.

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