Garden Types and Designs

Mughal Garden: A flowers paradise

February 24, 2012

Rashtrapati Bhavan is the official residence of the President of India and is located at Raisaina Hill, New Delhi. The Mughal Gardens, which are a main part of this building, are open for public viewing in around February and March and are a much sought after tourist destination. The Gardens are closed for common people for the rest of the year and hence are thronged by a crowd of thousands when it is open. The Mughal Garden features brilliant plants and flowers of all kinds and are a delight for the viewers. The aura and the beauty of the place is an unforgettable experience for visitors of all ages.

Mughal Garden

The effect of the place is such that the presidents of other countries who visited the place have also tried to contribute to the garden in one way or the other. They were enchanted by the garden and made plentiful additions to it. Some of the contributions from the other countries are:

  • Bird of Paradise from Mauritius
  • Tulips from Netherlands
  • Orchids from Brazil
  • Olive, a core part of the gardens, from France
  • Water Lily from China
  • Cherry Blossom from Japan
  • Assorted seasonal plants were supplied by Japan
  • Rose was a gift from Germany

Special features

Circular garden

Also known as the butterfly garden, this garden lies towards the western part of the main garden and is a blissful sight. The place is brimming with huge dahlias and jasmines entwined to each other and in the midst are bowl plants hanging on the terrace, all with wonderful fragrances. These plants include Stock (Matthiola incana), Verbena (V. Bonariensis) , and Mignonette (Reseda odorata). The whole garden is in a circular shape with a bubble fountain lying inside a pool. Small waves move towards the outer region to form static waves of colors. These waves fall upon the dahlia trees and then rise into the endless sky, thus returning the fragrance to the already awed on-lookers and tourists and fill them with excitement. The place is full of butterflies of all colors, fluttering past each other, adding to the beauty of the garden. Moreover, if you are lucky enough, you may have the pleasure of catching sight of the peacocks playing their little games in this paradise of flowers. You will even find the best collection of bonsais in the country. The nursery, greenhouses, and stores are around this circular garden.

Purdha Garden

Located towards the west of the main garden, the Purdha garden is spread along the sides of the main pavement that leads to the circular garden. The walls on either side are about 12 feet high and are dominated by roses. The aroma of this channel or pathway is enchanting. There are plentiful flowerbeds comprising of only roses in the lower hedges. A sandstone pergola of red color stands in the center and is covered by rose creepers, the sand paper vine (Petrea volubilis), paper flower (Bougainvillea glabra), and grape vines (Namily vitaceae). The walls are tastefully covered by creepers like Jasmine (Jasminum grandiflorum), Rhyncospermum (Rhyncospermum asiaticum), and Peegee (Porana paniculata). Alongside the walls run special orange trees from China – a major attraction for small children. On the walls running on either side, one can occasionally see a peacock trying to catch the attention of a mate by their ritual dancing and singing.

Terrace Garden

The terrace garden is situated on the northern and southern boundaries of the garden. The plants that grow here are similar to those in the main garden. A fountain is situated in the center of the two longitudinal strips and the water falls inwards into a well. The garden is divided into grids by the two channels that run from east to west of the garden. Though the water is moving constantly, propelled by the sic lotus shaped fountains present here, the tranquillity is such that the water seems to be frozen. There are titanic fountains, which rise up to heights as high as 12 feet and produce a very soothing and gentle whispering of falling water entertaining the visitors. There are two immensely vast lawns – one in the centre that is square in shape, and the other in the eastern region that is oblong in shape and is a bit smaller than the central one. During the evening, one can see peacocks strutting past each other in these majestic lawns, which are covered with the special “Doob” grass.

This garden stays evergreen with the help of the plants such as Moulsri, Putranjiva Roxburghii, Cypress, Thuja orientalis, and China Orange trees, rose shrubs, and a variety of climbers.

There are plenty of birds too, including parrots, mynahs, doves and pigeons who visit this place to bask in the sun, have food and bath as if they own the place to the great amazement of the on-lookers. Fateful visitors may even get a chance to see a stork or a cormorant.

How to reach

Visitors are allowed passage through the gate no. 35 of President’s Estate, which is near the North Avenue, towards the Western Road.

The Mughal Gardens of the Rashtrapati Bhawan, is a place for both family and friends. You may even take your loved ones there to enjoy the beauty of nature or accompany a parent to help them revisit their old memories. The place will most certainly be imprinted in your hearts and minds. Even if you are not a big nature lover, the array of rich colors will surely make you fall in love with them.

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